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Partner Determination in SAP Sales and Distribution

Purpose

This wiki page will discussion about basic function related to partners in SAP Sales and Distribution Module knows as Partner Determination

Overview

This a procedure by which system selects the assigned sales relevant partner function/functions to the object in Order to Cash process.

In brief, sales partner are business parties which are involve/relevant to a sales process/transaction. Each partner are defined/identified based on role & function they play in those sales process/transaction. These can internal or external to an organization. To setup, determine & copy these business partners in a sales process or specific sales process or master in SAP SD, we use a search technique, known as Partner Determination.

Main Components in Partner Determination

  1. Partner Function
  2. Customer Account Group
  3. Partner Determination Procedure

Partner Object

Following are the Partners object with respective key area for which partner determination can take place-

  • Customer
  • Sales Document Header
  • Sales Document Item
  • Delivery Document
  • Shipment Document
  • Billing Document Header
  • Billing Document Item

SPRO path/Transaction Code

Transaction Code

VOPAN / VOPA

SPRO Path

Sales and Distribution - Basic Functions - Partner Determination - Set Up Partner Determination

Configuration Steps

Let us go through the configuration steps involved in partner determination. Here we would take focus on partner determination for a customer master.

Existing Sales Partner in Customer Master Determination:

Partner Function

Language

Name

Language-specific
Partner Func.

AG

EN

Sold-To Party

SP

RE

EN

Bill-to Party

BP

RG

EN

Payer

PY

WE

EN

Ship-to Party

SH

The following are the steps involved in adding a new partner type, say, JP, for customer master for partner determination:

Step 1. Partner Functions

Maintain a new partner function, JP,  under partner function node with respective partner type (KU for Customer, LI for Vendor) & indicator for Uniqueness in the master data.

Step 2. Assigned Partner Function to Account Group

Assigned newly created partner function JP to corresponding account group of your desire.

Step 3. Create Partner Determination Procedure

Select partner determination procedure if your requirement is met. Otherwise copy existing Partner determination procedure.

Step 4. Maintain relevant Partner to determine under Partner Determination Procedure

Under partner determination procedure sub-dialog, you assign required partners to partner determination procedure. Here you specify whether the assigned partner can be:

  • modified in object or not
  • whether it is mandatory
  • sequence in which partners are determined (may differ with object).

Step 5. Assign Account Group to Partner Determination Procedure

Assign Partner determination procedure to account group. It is assumed that required account groups are available in the system.

In case of other objects same procedures can be followed. It differs at step 5, where you assign partner determination procedure to respective object.

Partner Object

Partner Determination
Procedure assigned to

Customer

Customer Account Group

Sales Document Header

Sales Document Type

Sales Document Item

Item Category

Delivery

Delivery Type

Shipment/Transportation

Shipment Type

Billing Header

Billing Type

Billing Item

Billing Type

Related SAP Notes

SAP Note

Description

Category

550073

FAQ: SD Partner Determination I

FAQ

550102

FAQ: SD Partner Determination II

FAQ

550113

FAQ: SD Partner Determination III

FAQ