This page contains explanations of all the different BW table types.
a 'one stop shop' of the BW relevant table types.
Table Type Listing:
- Attribute tbl for Time Independent attributes:
- stored with characteristic values
Attribute tbl for Time Dependent attributes:
- Fields DATETO & DATEFROM are included in time dependent attribute tbl.
- stored with characteristic values
- Dimension tbls (i.e. DIM tables): /BI*/D<Cube_name><dim.no.>
- stores the DIMID, the pointer between fact tbl & master data tbl
- data is inserted during upload of transact.data (data is never changed, only inserted)
- /bic/D(cube name)P is the package dimension of a content cube
- /bic/D(cube name)U is the unit dimension of a content cube
- /bic/D(cube name)T is the time dimension of a content cube
- /bic/D(cube name)I is the user defined dimension of a content cube
External Hierarchy tables:
- /BI*/I*, /BI*/J*, /BI*/H*, /BI*/K*
- are tables that occur in the course of an optimized preprocessing that contains many tables.
- bic/H(object name) hierarchy data of object
- For more information see SAP Note 514907.
- In SAP BW, there are two Fact tables for including transaction data for Basis InfoCubes: the F- and the E-Fact tables.
- /bic/F(cube name) is the F-fact table of a content cube
- /bic/E(cube name) is the E-fact table of a content cube
- The Fact tbl is the central tbl of the InfoCube. Here key figures (e.g. sales volume) & pointers to the dimension tbls are stored (dim tbls, in turn, point to the SID tbls).
- If you upload data into an InfoCube, it is always written into the F-fact table.
- If you compress the data, the data is shifted from the F-fact table to the E-fact table.
- The F-fact tables for aggregates are always empty, since aggregates are compressed automatically
- After a changerun, the F-fact table can have entries as well as when you use the functionality 'do not compress requests‘ for Aggregates.
- E-fact tbl is optimized for Reading => good for Queries
- F-fact tbl is optimized for Writing => good for Loads
- See SAP Notes 631668 & 1461926 (links to which are further down this page).
Master Data tables:
- /bic/M(object name) master data of object
- Master data tables are independent of any InfoCube
- Master data & master data details (attributes, texts & hierarchies) are stored.
- Master data table stores all time independent attributes (display & navigational attribues)
Navigational attributes tables:
- SID Attribute table for time independent navigational attributes: /BI*/X<characteristic_name>
- SID Attribute tbl for time dependent navigational attributes: /BI*/Y<characteristic_name>
- Nav.attribs can be used for naviagtion purposes (filtering, drill down).
- The attribs are not stored as char values but as SIDs (master data IDs).
- P-table only gets filled if you load master data explicitly.
- As soon as the SID table is populated, the P tbl is populated as well
- SID tbl: /BI*/S<characteristic>
- stores the char value (eg customer number C95) & the SID. The SID is the pointer that is used to link the master data tbls & the dimension tbls. The SID is generated during the upload (uniqueness is guaranteed by a number range obj).
- Data is inserted during the upload of master data or of transactional data
- S table gets filled whenever transaction gets loaded. That means if any new data is there for that object in the transactions then SID table gets fillled.
- Text tbl: /BI*/T<characteristic>
- stores the text for the chars
- data is inserted & changed during the upload of text data attribs for the InfoObject
- stored either language dependent or independent
SAP Note 514907: Processing complex queries (data mart, and so on)
SAP Note 631668: DEADLOCK when loading data into InfoCubes
SAP Note 1461926: FAQ: BW report SAP_INFOCUBE_DESIGNS