Portal System Landscape:
Portal system landscape is nothing but a collection of SAP or NON-SAP systems (SAP R3/CRM/BW etc), to retrieve the data from each system portal needs to create system object.
System Object: System Object is a set of connection properties to represent an external or SAP systems (SAP R3, /CRM/BW) used to retrieve data into portal iViews. We can create a System Object in any one of the three ways
The system object can be created from either of the following:
- Based on System Template (Template)
- Based on Portal Content (PAR)
- Coping Existing Systems (System)
The Required Steps to Create a System Object in the portal are as :
- System Alias settings
- Connector settings
- ITS settings
- WAS settings
- User Management Settings
Procedure to Create System Object in the Portal
1) Login to the portal as Administrator.
2) Go to System Administration -> System Configuration -> System Landscape -> Browse -> Portal Content -> System landscape.
3) Right click on System landscape then select New in Context menu
4) Select System from template / from PAR, it will display Template Wizard
5) Choose Template based on your Backend System either SAP or NON-SAP and click on the NEXT.
6) Provide the General properties for this System Object (System name, ID, prefix, master language and description) and click on NEXT.
It will display the tab with System name and 3 radio button options.Select the default one is opens the object for editing and then selects the ok button.
Now the name of the System name will appear under the System landscape folder in ->_Portal Content and with default display dropdown as Object and Property Category dropdown list as Showl All.
System Alias settings:
In the display dropdown list select System Aliases, it display System Alias Editor, give Alias name generally <SID>CLNT<CLIENTNO> ex: BI7CLNT100 and select the Add button and Save this properties by save button.
Connector settings: Select Object in the display dropdown list and then select Connector in the Property Category dropdown list and provide minimum connector properties for example
ITS settings are maintained for displaying SAP transactions in the portal as an iViews. Select Object in the display dropdown list and then select Internet Transaction Server (ITS) in the Property Category dropdown list and provide ITS properties as follows
Web AS settings are required to display BW reports and for BSP applications in the Backend Systems such as CRM and BW/BI system.
Select Object in the display dropdown list and then select Web Application Server (WAS) in the Property Category dropdown list and provide WAS properties as follows
User Management Settings
The following settings are required for user Management in the system object to connect to SAP backend systems.
Logon Method is either one of the following mechanisms
UIDPW -> when the PORTAL uses a user ID/PASSWORD as credentials.
SAPLOGONTICKET -> PORTAL authenticating against the SAP backend system.
The X.509 certificate -> PORTAL authenticating against the client certificates.
Note: Single Sign on (SSO) is required for SAP logon tickets and client certificates for SAP backend systems.
User Mapping Type
The possible values for this property are Admin, User, and Admin/user.
User Mapping Type defines who can maintain the user mapping for the system.
If user mapping type is admin, only the administrator can maintain the user mapping.
If Type is User, only the end user can maintain the user mapping.
If Type is Admin/user is selected, both the administrator and the end user can maintain the user mapping.
Select Object in the display dropdown list and then select User Management in the Property Category dropdown list and fill User Management properties as follows
Test the System Object
To logon to the portal as the common user in both portal and sap r3 system, and check the test connection whether the system object which you have created is successful or not.
Select the Connection Test in the display Dropdown list to test the connection with the
SAP R/3 backend system.
It displays system connection Tests screen in this select all check boxes and select the Test button.
If the test connection is successful it display the status column as green checks as shown above, otherwise it will display as red checks in this case please verify the connection properties like system alias, ITS, WAS and User Management properties.