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This  would help in ensuring that the basic configuration required for setting up Foreign trade Master Data
Checklist
 Number ranges
In number Range two type of number ranges need to be declared
1.      Export/import Processing: Unique Internal number for each SD document.
2.      Legal Control: The number ranges of the license master data.

IMG Flow: Sales and Distribution -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Define Number Ranges
 Commodity codes and import code numbers
Commodity Codes/Import Codes are official numbers which group the material which are similar for custom purposes.

IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Basic Data for Foreign Trade -> Define Commodity Codes/Import Code Numbers by Country
   Export/Import Procedure
Export/Import is a 5-digit code that uniquely identifies an export/import procedure. For example the business transactions within the European Community (EC), the export/import procedure code is part of the information that you submit in monthly reports to Intrastat and is of statistical interest only. Intrastat uses this information to produce foreign trade statistics.
 Export/Import Procedure Determination
During export sales processing, the system may automatically propose an export/import procedure code, based on the following criteria:
-          Country from which goods are exported or into which goods are being imported
-          Sales area
-          Export/import material group
-          Item category of individual goods
You can overwrite the proposed value manually in the delivery and in the billing document.
Example
The export/import procedure code can distinguish, for example, between the following export/import transactions:
-          Goods that are shipped temporarily for further manufacture by a subcontractor
-          Goods that are shipped to their final destination after processing by a subcontractor

Procedure Definition
IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Basic Data for Foreign Trade -> Define Procedures and Default Value -> Define Procedure
Assign Sales and Distribution (SD) default value
IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Basic Data for Foreign Trade -> Define Procedures and Default Value -> Define Procedure Default
 Business transaction type
The business transaction type is a customs term which defines the type of business, such as fixed sales. The business transaction type is automatically determined by the SAP system for a business transaction.
The SD proposal depends on the following criteria:

  • Country
  • Sales organization/Distribution channel
  • Item category

Note: For export control in SD, enter the business transaction type at item level during sales order processing. If necessary, copy the business transaction type from the material record to the document.
Activities

  • Determine which business transaction types are relevant for your organization.
  • Define the business transaction types. To do this, specify for each country an alphanumeric key with a maximum of two digits and a text.
      Business Transaction Type Definition
    IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Basic Data for Foreign Trade -> Define Business Transaction Types and Default Value -> Define Business Types
    SD default value
    IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Basic Data for Foreign Trade -> Define Procedures and Default Value -> Define Default Business Type (SD)
     
     Mode of transport
     The mode of transport is a customs term for the type of transport used to transport the goods across a border, for example, by rail, road or air.
    Mode of Transport in Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Alternative 01: You can use the proposal table for foreign trade header data to get a proposal for the modes of transport in the delivery.
  • Alternative 02: The mode of transport can be determined with the route and can be added to the delivery item as well as the billing item. To do this, you must specify the relevant mode of transport for the routes.
    IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign Trade/Customs -> Transportation data -> Define Modes of Transport
    Customs offices
    You define the customs offices that you require for your company. In international trade, the customs office is the office of transit from the country of export to the country of destination/transit. For trade within the EU, you specify the relevant inland customs office.
    Customs Offices in Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Alternative 01: You can use the proposal table for foreign trade header data to get a proposal for the customs offices in the delivery.
  • Alternative 02: The customs office can be determined with the route and can be added to the delivery item as well as the billing item. The system proposes the customs office at the last domestic point on the route, that is, a port or airport. You must specify the relevant customs office and further indicators for location for each of the points.

You should have already defined points and routes.
Activities in SD

  1. Determine the customs offices and modes of transport that are relevant for your organization.
  2. Define the customs offices.
  3. Specify for each country the alphanumeric customs office key and the description.
  4. Enter the modes of transport in the proposal table for foreign trade header data.

OR
Assign the relevant customs office to the point on the route.
Also indicate the location of the point, depending on whether it is an office of transit, a load transfer point, or an office of exit. In addition, indicate whether it is an airport, a port or a train station.
Note : You can also use the user exits available in SD.
Definition
           
IMG Flow: S&D -> Foreign trade -> Transportation Data -> Define Customs Offices

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