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Link Between SAP SD, MM and FI

This page is going to provide you an idea how Sales and Distribution Module links/interacts with different other module like, Material Management (Procurement), Finance & Controlling.

The link between SD and MM

  1. When you create sales order in SD, all the details of the items are copied from Material master of MM.
  2. MRP and availibility check related data is also taken from MM although you control this data in SD also.
  3. While you create inbound/outbound delivery with reference to a sales order,the shipping point determination takes place with the help of the loading group, plant data, shipping conditions etc. This also refers to Material Master.
  4. The material which you are entering in a sales order must be extended to the sales area of your sales order/customer otherwise you cannot transact with this material.
    There are many such links between SD and MM.

The link between SD and FI

  1. Whenever you create a delivery with reference to a sales order, goods movement takes place in the bacgground. eg. In case of standard sales order, you create an outbound goods delivery to the customer. Here movement 601 takes place. This movement is configured in MM. Also, this movement hits some G/L account in FI. Every such movement of good s hits some G/L account.
  2. The accounts posting in FI is done with reference to the billing documents (invoice, debit note, credit note etc) created in SD. Thus this is a link between SD and FI
  3. Tax determination: In case of a tax determination also, there is a direct link between SD and
  4. Also MTO (Make To Order) scenario : when you create sales order with item category individual requirement Purchase requisition will be created for this Sales order with Account assignment M and refere to your sales order and when you create GR this stock will be assigned to sales order.

SD link points with other modules

SD module is highly integrated with the other modules in SAP.
The following provides a brief idea, how SD is linked to other mondules in a said process:

Sales Order

Link Points

Module Involved in the Link

Availability Check

MM

Credit Check

FI

Costing

CO/MM

Tax Determination

FI

Transfer of Requirements

PP/MM

Delivery and Goods Issue -

Integration Points

Module

Availability Check

MM

Credit Check

FI

Reduces stock

MM

Reduces Inventory

FI/CO

Requirement Eliminated

PP/MM

Billing

Integration Points

Module

Debit A/R

FI/CO

Credit Revenue

FI/CO

Updates G/ L (Tax, discounts, surcharges, etc.)

FI/ CO

Milestone Billing

PS

Return Delivery & Credit Memo

Integration Points

Module

Increases Inventory

MM

Updates G/ L

FI

Credit Memo

FI

Adjustment to A/R

FI

Reduces Revenue

FI

SD Transaction Code Flow

Document Type

Standard Sales Document Type

Transaction Code(Create/Change/Display)

Tables

Inquiry

IN

VA11 / VA12 / VA13

VBAK & VBAP

Quotation

QT

VA21 / VA22 / VA23

VBAK & VBAP

Purchase Order

NB

ME21 / ME22 / ME23

EKKO & EKPO

Sales Order

OR

VA01 / VA02 / VA03

VBAK & VBAP

Delivery

LF

VL01N / VL02N / VL03N

LIKP & LIPS

Billing

F2

VF01 / VF02 / VF03

VBRK & VBRP

To create a sales order we need purchase order number and custmer number.
Before that, to create a purchase order we need to have material no, vendor no.
To create vendor (Tables-LFA1) TCode are

XK01

Create centrally

XK02

Change centrally

XK03

Display centrally

To create custmer TCode (Table-KNA1)

XD01

Create centrally

XD02

Change centrally

XD03

Display centrally