An object that introduces an application or service to the Guided Procedures (GP) framework. Callable objects manage the invocation of the external service and enable its use within GP processes.
Capability Maturity Model (CMM)
A process improvement approach based on a process model. The CMM can be used to assess an organization against a scale of five process maturity levels. Each level ranks the organization according to its standardization of processes in the subject area being assessed.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
CSS is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style Web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can be applied to any kind of XML document.
Collection of polls on a certain topic. All polls that belong to a campaign are displayed in a list in a single iView. A campaign can contain more than one closed or planned poll, but only one current poll. catalog A set of subscription offers compiled by a syndicator. A subscriber obtains a catalog from a syndicator and uses the offers to initiate a subscription.
Concept that figures as a node in a hierarchy of concepts (taxonomy) used for grouping documents based on their content.
Central User Administration (CUA)
The CUA is the support of centrally managed ABAP access control and user identity data.
Program used to extract user information from the client certificate. This user information is then used to authenticate users to the Enterprise Portal.
A series of dependent portal objects, such as iViews, linked together by inheritance and having a delta link relationship between them.
Change and Transport Organizer
A set of tools in the SAP System for managing development projects in the ABAP Workbench and in Customizing, and for preparing and managing transports between SAP Systems.
An information source in the Transport Organizer that records and manages all modifications made to Repository objects and Customizing settings during a development project.
Framework for grouping iViews into categories that can then be assigned to user roles.
Channels offer Business Information Warehouse (BW) workbooks, ordered according to topic areas. They access the workbooks that are assigned to them across the channels of the Business Explorer. channel assignment The portal administration interface for associating user roles with channels.
Characteristics provide classification possibilities for the dataset. An InfoCube generally contains only a partial quantity of the characteristic values from the master data table at a time. The master data includes the permitted values for a characteristic, also called characteristic values, which are discrete names. For example, the characteristic "Region" has the following specifications:
- North Central
A tool enabling real-time online discussions between two or more portal users. checkbox A control element of the graphical user interface. Checkboxes enable users to choose any number of elements from a list by checking a box.
A portal content object that is associated with or assigned to a single parent object. Child objects are the units that comprise a parent object. The term "child" describes the relationship between the object itself and the object to which it is assigned. For example, iViews in a portal page, or pages in a role, or roles and pages in a workset. classification Content-based (semi-) automatic assignment of documents to one or more categories of a taxonomy. The categories to which a document was assigned are stored as properties of the document.
Overview of documents that are to be classified. A document arrives in the classification inbox if it has not been assigned to a category during automatic classification. There is a separate classification inbox for every taxonomy that represents a worklist for people responsible for classification.
Index that is used for text-mining functions such as classification or searching for similar documents. A pure classification index cannot be used for full-text searches.
client certificate A digital document that acts as a user's digital identification card on the Internet. Client certificates are based on the X.509 format and contain the public part of a user's public-key information and are used for authentication and for verifying digital signatures. A Certification Authority guarantees the certificate owner's identity and approves or issues the certificate to the user.
A mechanism within a specified iView that notifies related portal objects of modifications that occur. The notification may result, for example, in the update of content in the target iView. Some iViews are coded to initiate events and some to receive them.
A storage area in which sections of text, character strings, or single characters can be placed temporarily.
An installation type, and/or an instance, of the portal server meant to be part of a clustered configuration. A clustered portal installation does not include any of the persistence layer components, such as the Portal Content Directory (PCD), user management, or the system databases; rather it accesses the persistence layer through a lock server.
Standard repository for storing content. It is accessed via a repository manager that supports all CM functions. The CM-Repository uses a database and/or a file system as physical storage system.
Knowledge Management (KM) function that supports various forms of communication and cooperation among portal users.
Collaboration for mySAP Enterprise Portal
Key area of the mySAP Enterprise Portal. Various users work in geographically distributed teams and use common resources, content, and collaboration tools, such as Collaboration Room and Real-Time Collaboration.
Collaboration for SAP Enterprise Portal
Collaboration enables users who are based at different locations to work together in the SAP Enterprise Portal. They use various collaboration tools and services, such as the Collaboration Launch Pad, Real-Time Collaboration, and Collaboration Rooms.
Portal-based room that enables users to organize themselves in teams and projects independent of their physical location. It supports teamwork through common use of project-related applications and information that only team members have access to.
Collaboration Room favorites
Utility for managing and using Collaboration Rooms that indicates a user's preferred rooms. Favorites appear in the second level of the top-level navigation in the Enterprise Portal.
Collaboration Room owner
Person who has the authorization to create a Collaboration Room and invite team members. A Collaboration Room can have only one owner.
Collaboration Room template
Blueprint for a Collaboration Room, with room-specific views of the room content. A Collaboration Room template combines iViews and pages in a task-specific blueprint, from which the user can generate Collaboration Rooms for corresponding tasks.
Collaborative Cross-Applications (xApps)
xApps are commonly targeted at specific industries or are geared toward vertical applications common across a range of industries.
A specialized form of a resource that represents a collection of objects in a repository, for example, the contents of a directory in a file system. Like other resources, a collection is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI).
A Java class that displays a set of resources on the screen. It assembles the different elements that are to be displayed and arranges their layout according to predefined parameters.
Group of colors and images in the Style Editor that the customer uses as a starting point to customize the branding of the Enterprise Portal.
An element of the Knowledge Management (KM) user interface that groups together related commands. A command group can be displayed as a popup menu or menu bar, for example.
Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA)
CORBA is a standard defined by the Object Management Group (OMG) that enables software components written in multiple computer languages and running on multiple computers to interoperate.
Common Warehouse Metamodel (CWM)
Common Warehouse Metamodel (CWM) is a standard that is recognized by the Object Management Group (OMG) and that describes the exchange of metadata in Data Warehousing, Business Intelligence, Knowledge Management, and Portal Technology. CWM uses UML to model metadata, MOF to access metadata, and XMI to exchange metadata. You can find the current CWM specification on the OMG homepage.
Communication channel used by users and services to send messages (for example, fax, e-mail, SMS). company user User belonging to a particular company.
A query to the data source, represented by an icon on the iPanel. The component is used for hyperrelational data navigation. The user can click on it to launch the query on which it is based, or drag a link onto it to launch a more complex query.
Composite applications describe, enable, and automate user-centric business processes. In short, they are "apps-on-apps" - business applications that live on top of other applications, transforming disjointed data and functionality into a cohesive business process over multiple systems.
Composite Application Framework (CAF)
A model-driven development environment for xApps and other applications based on a service-oriented architecture, without programming if possible. CAF is based on the Enterprise Services Architecture and comprises an abstraction layer for services and processes as well as design tools.
Computing Center Management System Agent
The CCMS agent establishes a connection in the CCMS monitoring architecture between the central monitoring system and the host being monitored.
Computing Center Management System (CCMS)
A database for storing data about SAP systems and other components in mySAP.com. The CCMS system repository provides information storage for functions that operate across SAP System and component boundaries. It also supports central maintenance of certain types of R/3 objects.
iView used to configure SCF that includes configuration of synchronous collaboration service providers and synchronous collaboration service types. connector An application program that connects SCF clients to online meeting service provider. consolidated view View of all collaboration team room calendar appointments collected into one iView. The consolidated view includes all user appointments (personal- and team-related), and includes synchronous collaboration sessions.
- A layout element specifying the space within a portal page that contains iViews and/or other containers.
- A part of an application server that provides deployment and runtime support for application components. It provides an inclusive view of the services provided by the application server for the application components.
- A basic common data structure of the various definition components and execution components of SAP Business Workflow. Containers have container elements to hold values (constants), structures, and object references. container bar An area that can be used by the customer for branding purposes. It extends down the left-hand side of the tray. In default implementations it is invisible. Customers can apply another color to this area for customization purposes. content area The area of the portal desktop for performing tasks in which navigation results, portal pages with iView content, and administrative tools are displayed. It is the part of a set of pages that changes when the user navigates from one page to another.
The role responsible for creating and editing portal content such as iViews, channels, and Web components.
content exchange service
Service for distributing content to other repositories, using the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) protocol. The destination repositories can be other CM repositories, or they can be located on external systems, provided an ICE-enabled client application is running on these systems.
Repository filter that transforms the content, layout, or format of documents, using the Publishing Pipeline.
Knowledge Management (KM) services for managing unstructured or semi-structured content.
User (not an administrator or developer) who has special privileges, being able to view unapproved and uncategorized content. The content manager is responsible for managing content (normally documents in the organization's file system) that is available to the entire organization through the enterprise portal. content syndication Aggregation and distribution of content via the Internet.
Document version that is created when the content of a document is changed. context menu A list of functions displayed next to the mouse pointer when you click the right-hand mouse button. The context menu displays a list of currently available functions. To select a function from the list, you either click on the function or press the corresponding function key on the keyboard.
Defines a type of portal object inheritance in which the object is independent of the source object upon which its creation was based. A copy is a duplicated version of an object. Both the source object and the copy can be customized and neither updates the other.
corporate LDAP directory
Central LDAP-enabled directory containing basic user data. This directory is used by several systems in a system landscape thus avoiding the same user data being stored redundantly in multiple repositories. In the Enterprise Portal, portal users are stored in the corporate LDAP directory.
The process by which multiple Unifier projects having disparate data sources are connected in order that the end user may perform HyperRelational navigation on them as if they were one. Correlator The Correlator is a tool that, by means of a wizard, simplifies the task of correlating logical systems to enable Drag and Relate across system boundaries.
Coverage analyzer is a tool for recording how often programs or individual processing blocks are executed and classified by time period, user, or subject area.
Program that finds large collections of documents by following hyperlinks in a start document and by recursively applying this procedure in the found documents. If the crawler operates on hierarchically structured repositories it finds document collections by identifying the documents and folders in a start folder and by recursively applying this procedure in the found folders.
The user or component-specific information that allows the user or component to access his or her security information. The credentials may be located in a protected file in the file system, and often have a limited life span. The credential file for a user may be created when the user logs on to a security product and deleted when he or she logs off.
Critical Success Factors (CSFs)
CSFs are the criteria you define in order to prioritize the projects in your portfolio.
Cross-component Business Process Management (ccBPM)
ccBPM is the design of integration processes. In an integration process you define all the process steps that are to be executed and the parameters relevant for controlling the process. ccBPM is integrated into SAP Exchange Infrastructure.
User-defined resource property. When maintaining the properties of a document or folder, users can assign custom properties that were predefined by a system administrator.
Adjustment of out-of-the-box software such as SAP Enterprise Portal to the needs of a given group of users. This is done by the administrator. Customization might include the company logo or a definition of authorizations for certain roles.