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A dashboard is a Web-based technology page on which real-time information is collated from various sources.

database selector

Drop-down selection list in the Query Editor UI for choosing a specific database management system (DBMS). Choosing the DBMS associated with a linked server (selected using the linked server selector) ensures the correct SQL syntax of a query launched by direct access.

Database Unifier

An application generated as a project on top of the Unification Server, the information source of which is a database. The Database Unifier project uses Drag and Relate technology to manipulate and display data. Correlation of multiple Database Unifier projects enables the use of related data across multiple data sources.


Contains a number of fields that are provided in a flat structure (the extraction structure) for data transfer to the Business Information Warehouse. A DataSource describes the properties of the related extractor with regard to the data transfer to the Business Information Warehouse (BW).

data channel

An extra channel, apart from the main communication channel (here the browser HTTP connections) that allows independent communication between two peers (here front-end and Web server).

Data Interface API (DI API)

DI API is a collection of COM objects called business objects. These objects describe various methods for updating, retrieving, and manipulating data in the SAP Business One database.

data manager

Part of the OLAP processor that controls the data bank access that arises from the definition of a query. Part of Warehouse Management that writes data into the data bank.

data mart interface

Enables the user to update data from one data target to another. It allows the user to update data within a Business Information Warehouse (BW) system (Myself system) and also between several other systems. If several BW systems are used, the system delivering the data is called the source BW and the system that is receiving data is called the target BW. The individual Business Information Warehouses in this type of setup are called data marts.

data set

Record of values that belong together in a relational database table. A data set is saved in the relational database management system (DBMS) as a line.

data source

Information source (resource) from which the mySAP Enterprise Portal can retrieve information. For the mySAP Enterprise Portal this can be for example SAP unifier projects, Web sites, enterprise applications, and groupware tools. For a Database Unifier project, a data source is the application providing the information to access and present.

DataStore Object

A DataStore object stores consolidated and cleaned-up transaction data on the document level (basic level). It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources, and consists of a key (for example, document number or position) and data fields that, as key figures, can also contain character fields (for example, customer).

data target

Also known as InfoProviders, data targets are objects into which data is loaded. InfoCubes, ODS objects, and InfoObjects (characteristics with attributes, texts, or hierarchies) are among these types of objects. You distinguish between normal data targets for which no queries can be created or executed, and data targets for which queries can be defined.

Data Transfer Processes (DTP)

You use DTP to transfer data within Business Intelligence (BI) from a persistent object to another object in accordance with certain transformations and filters. Data transfer processes are used for standard data transfer, for real-time data acquisition, and for accessing data directly.

data warehouse

A data collection or database that is created by integrating various datasets and data from external sources. Data warehouses provide users with a global view of the data that has many useful applications.

data XML

XML document which is transformed by the publishing pipeline and rendered in the browser as an HTML form.


See Developing, Configuring, and Adopting Applications.


See Distributed Component Object Mode.


The removal of a document's representation from an index. Once the document is deindexed, it will no longer be found by a search.

delegated administration

The allocation of system-wide administrative tasks based on role permission. For example, content developers will have access to wizards for iView creation, but they may not have the authority to assign the content to users.

deletion iView

Executable program, used to remove backend system structures or to have the user perform activities manually before deleting a Collaboration Room.

delivery method

The method used in the content exchange service for transferring content from the syndicator to the subscriber. The content exchange service offers the delivery methods push, pull, and mail.

delivery policy

Set of delivery rules associated with a subscription offer that determine how and when content is delivered.

delta link

Type of portal object inheritance in which the property values of the object change when changes are made to the source object from which it inherited its properties.

delta queue

Data storage in a Business Information Warehouse (BW) source system. The data records are either written automatically into the delta queue by using an updating process in the source system or by using an extraction by means of a function module after a data request from BW. The data is transferred into BW with a delta request from the BW Scheduler.

Demand Planning (DP)

DP is an application component in the SAP Advanced Planner and Optimizer (SAP APO) of mySAP Supply Chain Management (SCM) that allows you to forecast market demand for your company's products and produce a demand plan.

Denial-of-service (DoS) attack

A DoS attack is an attempt to make a computer resource unavailable to its intended users. Typically the targets are high-profile Web servers, and the attack attempts to make the hosted Web pages unavailable on the Internet.


To install and configure the elements of any application, such as the Enterprise Portal, or any part of its content or constituent applications (for example, iViews). Deploying includes all necessary steps for the use of an application, including, for example, the copying or execution of files, up to and not including its initial administration and ongoing maintenance.


The wizard by means of which a Unification Server project is copied and instantiated on a remote machine (or machines) for the purpose of remote, possibly joint, development.


The act of transporting and instantiating a Database Unifier project on separate machines for the purpose of independent development. The project is deployed to a destination site by means of cabinet (.cab) files using the Deployer, a Unification Server wizard.

derived role

A role that is a subset of activities included in another role.


Refers to colors and imagery of the Enterprise Portal. Customers create their own design for the Enterprise Portal using the color templates in the Style Editor.

design bar

An SAP design framework branding element that guides the eye to areas of importance in the UI. It is located in the upper left-hand corner of the tray, in front of field labels as well as on the left-hand side of emphasized buttons.

desktop sharing

Allows members of a collaboration team room to view one member's computer desktop at the same time.

detailed navigation

An area containing user folders, pages, and iViews displayed by default in the navigation panel, which is a hierarchical continuation of the top-level navigation.

detailed navigation iView

iView in which the detailed navigation runs in the portal. The detailed navigation iView is usually a part of the page.


User who creates content (for example, iViews) and is involved in developing and deploying a portal within an organization's infrastructure. The developer's goal is to provide an enterprise portal that offers services to the portal end user.


See Data Interface API.

DI Java Connector

An interface to DI API objects from Java. With Java Connector, you can conveniently get or set properties and invoke methods of the DI API objects with Java-bean--style code.

DI Server

DI server enables multiple clients to access and manipulate the SAP Business One company database, using SOAP version 1.1 messages.

digital certificate

An electronic "identity card" that establishes a user's credentials when doing business or other transactions on the Web. It is issued by a certification authority (CA) and contains name, serial number, expiration date, a copy of the certificate holder's public key (used for encrypting and decrypting messages and digital signatures), and the digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority.


A grouping of those evaluation groups (characteristics) that belong together under a common superordinate term. With the definition of an InfoCube, characteristics are grouped together into dimensions in order to store them in a star schema table (dimension table).

direct access

Launching a query directly to a specific database in order to enhance performance. The query is not processed by the SQL Server DQP (Distributed Query Processor).

direct store delivery (DSD)

Sales process in which a driver on a planned route delivers the goods from the sales center to various customers.

Directory Information Tree

Tree-like structure in which entries in a directory are organized.


A collection of posts that are attached to a resource, and that either comment on this resource or on other discussion items. A discussion can comprise several discussion threads.

discussion group

A folder containing discussions that have a common subject area. Discussion groups can be created and used in the "Discussion Group" iView.

discussion item

A document in a discussion thread that refers either to the initial document of a discussion thread or to another discussion item. Discussion items are visible to all users who have read permission for the resource to which the discussion is attached.

discussion thread

Hierarchically organized sequence of discussion items, starting from a root item that sets the discussion topic and including all replies to either this item or any other discussion item.

Distinguished Name (DN)

A hierarchical identifier for an object as specified by the X.500 format. The Distinguished Name (DN) is built by adding the object's identifier to the Distinguished Name from its predecessor. The X.500 format describes an object in a hierarchical tree.

Distributed Component Object Mode (DCOM)

DCOM is a standard interface for object communication in distributed applications. It is a proprietary Microsoft technology for software components distributed across several networked computers so they can communicate with each other.

distributed session management

A client side component which provides the Automatic Server Session Termination (ASST) functionality.


See Document Management System.


See Distinguished Name.

document attribute

Metadata for a document, for example, author, title, document size, or creation date. A document attribute is defined by name (for example, author), and data type (for example, string). Documents attributes are stored in an index in addition to the document content, and can be used for searching.

Document Management System (DMS)

A DMS is a computer system (or set of computer programs) used to track and store electronic documents and/or images of paper documents.

Document Object Model (DOM)

DOM is a description of how an HTML or XML document is represented in a tree structure. DOM provides a structure that facilitates access to the elements of an HTML or XML document by scripting languages with object-oriented features (for example, JavaScript).

document sharing

Members of a collaboration team room can view and edit the same document at the same time from different computers on the internet.


See Document Object Model.


See Denial-of-service attack.


See Demand Planning.

drag item

The actual value being dragged when drag-out is being used.

Drag and Relate

A function that enhances browser-based navigation. Drag and Relate allows you to execute transactions across different systems by linking data from one application to data in another application.

Drag and Relate navigation

The technology that enables the collection and relating of information from disparate data sources. These sources may be databases or other applications on a local network, or external Internet sources.

Drag and Relate target

An iView which is Drag and Relate enabled, meaning that content can be dragged onto it, and it can be assigned to portal content objects.

Drag and Relate target area

Contains a list of links pointing to iViews that were configured with drag-on capability according to user permissions.

Drag and Relate Target Editor

Enables the defining of Drag and Relate targets for pages and iViews. This editor is accessed in the Portal Content Studio from the respective individual object editor.


An iView creation parameter enabling drag actions from an iView.

drill down

The act of adding conditions, using the AND operator in the WHERE clause, to the query that retrieved the current set of records. Drill Down is achieved by pressing the ALT key when performing Drag and Relate. Drill down retrieves further data, but only within the context of the currently retrieved record set.


See Data Transfer Processes.


To create a new object in the current context (for example, in the current folder) using an object that already exists in the same context as a template. The new object (duplicate) has the greatest possible similarity to the existing object, although individual properties, such as the ID, can differ.

dynamic navigation area

A virtual container in the portal desktop that displays, at runtime, related navigation objects (iViews and pages. These objects have been assigned to a particular page or iView that is currently displayed by a user in the content area.

In the out-of-the-box portal desktop, the dynamic navigation area is located in the navigation panel, together with other standard navigation iViews, such as the detailed navigation area. At design-time, related navigation iViews and pages are assigned to source objects (pages and iViews) in the Dynamic Navigation Editor.

Dynamic Navigation Editor

A tool in the portal administration environment enabling content administrators to assign iViews and pages as related navigation objects to existing pages or iViews.

At runtime, the page builder collects all related navigation objects according to the pages and iViews displayed in the content area, and then displays them automatically in the detailed navigation area (by default in the navigation panel).

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