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See Internet Application Component.


An additional identifier for an object, particularly in a UI context, when the quality of uniqueness is required for that object, and the name of the object is not sufficient to specify uniqueness.


See Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System.

Independent Software Vendor (ISV)

An ISV is a company specializing in making or selling software, usually for niche markets. This includes software geared toward real estate brokers, healthcare personnel, and retail.


See Internet Graphics Service.


Data structure containing information about documents in a retrieval system. The index is language-specific. The index category is used to create an index for each language.


The storage of document information in a retrieval system. Its purpose is to make it as easy as possible to find information on documents using search queries.

index category

The index category is a logical unit of the Index Management Service for identical sets of documents with different languages. Document information (such as language, or author) is mapped to an index category. The category is assigned to one search server relation, and to one search engine and its indices. A prerequisite for the creation of an index category is that a search server relation must be defined.

index category attribute

Only relevant when Retrieval and Classification (TREX) is implemented outside the Enterprise Portal. An attribute that can be assigned in addition to the document attributes in the index.

index category ID

Only relevant when Retrieval and Classification (TREX) is implemented outside the Enterprise Portal.

GUID of an index category.

index storage ID

Only relevant when Retrieval and Classification (TREX) is implemented outside the Enterprise Portal.

One of the keys for an index. The key contains details of the * index category, language, SAP System and, if applicable, the client.

index synchronously

Direct data transfer for storing document information in a retrieval system.


See Intermediate Documents.


InfoCatalog is a tree-like structure in the Administrator Workbench that displays Business Information Warehouse workbooks. The various InfoCatalog trees contain:

  • Workbooks that SAP delivers
  • Workbooks that can be used in an enterprise
  • Workbooks that are used by certain user groups
  • Workbooks that an individual user is allowed to use
  • Workbooks (favorites) that a user has put together

The structure of the subtrees can be freely defined by the administrator. A user accesses his or her InfoCatalog workbooks using the Business Explorer Browser.


An InfoCube is a set of relational tables that are created in accordance with the star schema: a large fact table in the center, with several dimension tables surrounding it. An InfoCube describes a self-contained dataset (from the reporting view), for example, for a business-oriented area. This dataset can be evaluated with the BEx query.

InfoCube tree

A proposal list of existing InfoCubes.


Business evaluation objects (for example, customers or sales) are called InfoObjects in Business Warehouse (BW). InfoObjects are subdivided into characteristics, key figures, units, time characteristics, and technical characteristics (such as request numbers).


InfoProviders are the objects or views that are relevant for reporting. There are two types of InfoProviders. One type includes objects that contain physical data. These are known as data targets, such as InfoCubes, ODS objects, and InfoObjects (characteristics with attributes, texts, or hierarchies). The other type includes objects that display no physical data storage, such as InfoSets, RemoteCubes, SAP RemoteCubes, and MultiProviders.


SAP Query element. InfoSets determine the tables, or fields within a table, to which a query can refer. InfoSets are usually based on table joins or logical databases.

InfoSet Builder

Tool for creating and changing InfoSets using repository objects from BW (InfoObjects with master data and ODS objects).

Information and Content Exchange

Application protocol for document exchange and reuse management. The ICE protocol defines the roles and responsibilities of content syndicators and their subscribers, defines the format and method of content exchange, and provides support for management and control of syndication relationships.

information object

A COM programming object located in the repository of a Database Unifier project, and representing a corresponding table in the database, or databases, upon which the project is based.

initial Collaboration Room role

You must assign an initial Collaboration Room role to users so that they can become members of a Collaboration Room or create their own Collaboration Rooms. An initial Collaboration Room role is a portal role and not a person-related role such as Project Assistant, Team Member, or Project Lead.

initial role assignment

Enables the portal administrator to assign the initial Collaboration Room role to user groups. You must assign users to an initial Collaboration Room role so that they can become members of a Collaboration Room or create their own Collaboration Rooms.

initialization iView

Executable program. The system executes an initialization iView once only when creating a Collaboration Room. For example, you can use an initialization iView to automatically create a CM folder structure, in which you store Collaboration Room-specific data.

Instant Messaging

Synchronous Collaboration tool enabling portal users to send instant messages to one or more portal users.

Integrated User and Access Management (IUAM)

User management deals with managing the entire lifecycle of a user. This begins with creating the user account and moves on to provisioning the user to different backend systems, including giving the user the corresponding access rights.

Integration Builder

Central tool for designing and configuring cross-system processes in SAP Exchange Infrastructure.

Integration Repository

Repository in which all information for one or more integration scenarios is located, for example: interfaces and mappings.

Intermediate Documents (IDocs)

IDocs are documents that act as intermediate storage of information, which can be sent bi-directionally. Message types are responsible for creation of IDocs. IDocs are the crux of Application Linking and Enabling (ALE).

internal link

Link to a resource located in a repository that is managed by the CM. If the resource is moved to a different location in the CM, the link is updated automatically.

Internet Application Component (IAC)

Complete business solution for linking components to the Internet. Internet Application Components (IACs) enable users to access business information in components by starting SAP transactions, function modules, or reports from a Web browser. You can make IACs available to users outside your company using the Internet or users within your company through the intranet.

Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System (IDES)

IDES is a system that contains several sample companies' relevant business processes. It is used for demonstrations, online/classroom training, and presentations. Potential customers use IDES to trial and test software via the Internet.

Internet Graphics Service (IGS)

IGS is a service for generating graphical and non-graphical content. It is a server-based engine that can be accessed using RFC or HTTP. It is front end-independent and can be used with a variety of platforms such as Win32 and Unix platforms that run on the Web Application Server 6.30.

Internet Transaction Server (ITS)

A tool for managing, configuring, and monitoring all aspects of Internet Transaction Server (ITS) execution. ITS Administration enables you to manage ITS instances hosted at local and remote machines. You can monitor ITS instances as a group, as well as configure and manage single ITS instances.

Internet route optimization

Internet route optimization technologies improve performance and availability by routing traffic around broken or poorly performing routes to ensure the user's request is served using the best performing and most available path.


A tree for navigation. It contains components, filters, and tools for HyperRelational data navigation, organized in folders.

iPanel assignment

The portal administration interface for associating user roles with iPanels.

isolated iView

An iView located within a iFrame. This iView functions independently of other iViews in the page in which it is located.


See Independent Software Vendor.


See Internet Transaction Server.


Program that retrieves data from content sources in your company and on the Internet, and displays it in the Enterprise Portal content area.

iView Catcher

Application running in the Enterprise Portal enabling administrators and deployers of the SAP Enterprise Portal to create custom .NET iViews based on live content available on the organization's intranet and Internet sites, and internal Web-based applications.

iView Editor

A tool with which iViews are created and edited.


Part of the portal architecture. Includes the server that runs the iViews. Set of development tools, wizards, and pre-built templates for iViews. The iViewServer takes care of connecting to sources such as the Web, enterprise applications, databases, and so on.


A Web site containing predefined iViews and other content elements that can be downloaded. iViews are assigned to various categories.

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