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P table

Master data table for time-independent master data.

This table contains the following fields:

  • The characteristic with the master data itself.
  • The characteristic compounded to this characteristic ("super-ordinate characteristic")
  • All time-dependent attributes
  • CHANGED (D: Delete record, I: Insert record, Blank space: No changes; changes evaluated only after activation)
  • OBJEVERS (A: Active version, M: Modified and therefore, not active version)

These fields form the key.


A page consists of layout and assigned content (such as iViews).

Page Builder

Page-rendering engine that uses roles and personalization to build the page and displays content in the browser.

page layout view

A Page Editor view showing and enabling the default arrangement of iViews on a page.

page list view

A Page Editor view listing and enabling the selection of content to be displayed on a page, and the definition of related properties.

parent object

A portal content object that contains other objects (child objects).

Parent objects are the building blocks that enable you to generate usable content in the portal. The term "parent" describes the relationship between the object itself and the objects assigned to it. For example, portal pages containing iViews, or roles containing pages, or worksets containing roles and pages.


Portal user who is participating in an online collaborative session through the portal, using the Synchronous Collaboration tools. This term generally does not refer the session host, although technically he or she is an active participant in the session.

passive subscription

Subscription created by a user for some other user(s).


Sequence of letters, digits, or special characters the user must enter along with a user ID to gain access to the system.


See Portal Content Directory.

PCD Inspector

A support tool with which content developers and advanced content administrators can perform a thorough analysis of objects stored in the PCD and modify them centrally.


See Portal Development Kit.

PDK for .NET

Portal Development Kit (PDK) for .NET is a set of tools that enables Microsoft Visual Studio .NET developers to build portal components for the SAP Enterprise Portal. PDK for .NET supports .NET languages, C# and VB.NET.

persistence adapter

Part of SAP User Management Engine that provides connectivity to the user management data sources. It allows the persistence manager to access data from a certain type of data source, for example, LDAP directories, databases, or SAP R/3 Systems.

persistence layer

Generic term used to refer to the collection of repositories used by all the components of SAP Enterprise Portal to store persistent data, that is, data that can be retrieved after any internal memory mechanism is cleared. This includes the repository database, the Portal Content Directory (PCD), and the Portal LDAP directory.

persistence manager

Part of SAP User Management Engine between the application programming interface and the user management data sources. It manages where user data, such as users, user accounts, groups, roles, and their assignments, is read from and written to so that the applications using the API do not have to know any details about where user management data is stored. It supports data being distributed over multiple data sources.

personal folder

A folder in the iPanel of a Database Unifier project that is accessible only to the owner. It can be used to store and organize personal Web and data resources for constant availability.

personal note

Note a user can create on a resource. The note is visible only to the user who created it, serving as a document-related external memory. If a personal note exists this is visualized in the properties dialog.

Personal Security Environment (PSE)

Secure location where a user or component's public-key information is stored.

The Personal Security Environment (PSE) for a user or component is typically located in a protected directory in the file system or on a smart card. It contains both the public information (public-key certificate and private address book) as well as the private information (private key) for its owner, therefore, only the owner of the information should be able to access his or her PSE.

personal toolbar

A toolbar in a Database Unifier iPanel, associated with a specific user, and which can be customized by the user.


Adjustment of out-of-the-box software such as the Enterprise Portal to a user's individual needs. With personalization, the user can for example define which iViews should appear and how they should be arranged on the screen.

personalization and roles

A key functional area of mySAP Enterprise Portals that configures the enterprise portal according to users' needs and interests with pre-defined roles. These roles contain a specific collection of information resources, applications, and services designed to help perform tasks and processes required for a given job function. Currently, SAP has defined over 300 roles across 21 industries.

PHP Hypertext Processor

PHP is a reflectiveprogramming language originally designed for producing dynamic Web pages. PHP is used mainly in server-sideapplication software, but can be used from a command line interface or in stand-alone graphical applications.


A search term composed of multiple words. For example*,* Federal Republic of Germany.

pipeline controller

Component that starts and controls the sub-components of the Publishing Pipeline.


See Product Lifecycle Management.


A control that presents a list of options (commands, attributes, or states) for the user to select from.

popup menu

List of options (for example, commands) that are displayed when you click in an area or on a popup indicator. An example is the menu that is displayed by the cursor if you use the primary mouse button to click on the indicator next to an object in the consumer explorer.


A portal is a Web site that aims to be an entry point to the World Wide Web, typically offering a search engine and/or links to useful pages, and possibly news or other services. (Definition from FOLDOC)

The portal at SAP is called the Enterprise Portal.

Portal Activity Reports

This feature lets portal administrators gather and present information as iViews about portal activity, including information about the users who logged on to the portal and about the content that was viewed.

Portal AdminCenter

The SAP Enterprise Portal administration environment. It includes the Portal Content Studio as well as tools for user management and system administration.

portal administrator

The portal administrator is the role responsible for importing and creating portal content, as well as building the roles which use specific subsets of portal content. It also sets security permissions and configurations. The administrator may implement the Knowledge Management platform, to allow Portal users to target files and documents at varied information sources.

portal application

User-specific content for different target groups. Customers can create their own portal applications or use the portal applications provided by SAP Portals (business packages).

Portal Archive file

The distribution format of a portal component. It is a zip archive (having a *.par extension) with a defined directory structure and contains descriptor files, as well as Java classes and other files (for example, .html, .gif, etc.).

Portal Catalog

A collection of folders representing the roles, pages, portal objects, and other content available to a specific administrator. It displays buttons for launching its various editing capabilities as well as a search interface. It allows you to view the basic properties of an object before launching an editor.

portal component

A portal component is a collection of Java classes and other files that serve in producing the information content of the portal. The distribution format of a portal component is the Portal Archive File. A portal component can be added to/removed from the portal at runtime.

portal component name

In order to be able to start a portal component, the portal runtime needs a fully qualified component name. The component name is a combination of the portal archive name and the component profile name using a dot as separator: <portalComponentName>.<profileName>. For example: com.sapportals.prt.examples.WeatherComponent

portal component profile

A set of properties which are defined as name-value pairs and are accessible through the IPortalComponentProfile interface. In a Portal Archive File, the initial set of properties is defined in a file situated at ...private/profiles/

portal content

Information, applications, and services that are available in an enterprise portal.

portal content area

The portal content area includes both the LaunchPad for the applications and utilities used to build your portal, and the area in which Unifier project component forms, transactions, portal pages, and iViews are displayed at runtime. If the iPanel is hidden, the portal content area occupies the whole page.

Portal Content Directory (PCD)

A repository for objects and relationships, which allows hierarchies and links, supports user personalization, and provides for distributed administration and transport.

Portal Content Studio

Provides a central environment for the development and administration of portal content.

Portal DB Assistant

A utility, accessed from the Enterprise Portal installation CD-ROM, which installs the portal system databases.

portal desktop

A portal desktop comprises a framework page and any number of portal themes. The framework page defines the navigational and structural contents of a user's portal workspace, while a theme describes the overall look-and-feel of the desktop. At runtime, the portal desktop defines the entire portal workspace including any content and layout.

The out-of-the-box portal desktop consists of the header area, navigation panel, and the content area.

portal desktop template

A portal page associated with, and defining, the entire portal desktop. A company portal may make available multiple desktop templates, each assigned to a specific organizational role or environment. The default desktop template includes a header area, a navigation panel, and a content area.

Portal Development Kit (PDK)

SAP Portal Development Kit for Microsoft.NET (PDK for .NET) is a set of tools that enables developing, running, and administrating portal applications for SAP NetWeaver Portal on the Microsoft .NET platform.

Portal Display Rules Editor

Enables rule-based definitions for the portal display during runtime.

portal header area

Located in the portal title (upper strip) above the portal content area. Contains links to personalization and the search tool as well as the name under which the user is logged on.

portal LDAP directory

LDAP-enabled directory that contains portal-specific data for the Enterprise Portal, such as assignment of users and groups to roles, user mapping information, and custom attributes. It is usually operated as an additional store beside the corporate LDAP directory.

portal monitoring

Monitors the routine operation of the portal, thereby allowing performance problems to be identified.

Portal object transport

The creation of export packages for transport between different portal systems now supports the transport of the permissions associated with the objects and the user personalization data available in the PCD. (Only available in SAP NetWeaver 2004s, SPS7.)

Portal Runtime

The core engine of the Java part of the portal. It is a J2EE Web component that can be deployed in a J2EE Web container. The portal runtime uses portal components and portal services to produce content.

Portal Runtime Architecture (PRT)

PRT hosts portal applications (Portal Components and Portal Services). PRT supports Web services. The User Management Engine (UME) resides outside the PRT so that it can be re-used by other Java applications or by Web Dynpro.

portal server

Provides an environment for developing and administering portal content (roles and iViews) and for performing user administration. It also provides a set of services for running iViews and assembling them into portal pages that are displayed in SAP Enterprise Portal.

The portal server consists of a Web Server, Page Builder, iViewServer, and Persistence layer (User Management, Portal Content Directory) .

Portal Server Monitor

Displays the status of the Java iView Runtime (for example, request summaries).

portal system database

Relational database used by SAP Enterprise Portal. The Portal Content Directory (PCD) uses this database to store portal data. It is also used as a central repository for data from other components such as Knowledge Management, Connectivity, Unification Server, and (optionally) User Management Engine.

portal title bar

Upper strip of the Enterprise Portal interface. Contains the header area (links to personalization and the search tool) and the top-level navigation bar.

portal Web server

The Web server in the Portal Server. It deals with HTTP or HTTPS requests coming from the portal client. In SAP Enterprise Portal 5.0 the Web server used is the Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS).

portfolio management

The coordinated management and overview of a set of interrelated projects and programs. Portfolio management aims to maximize total return on investment (ROI) across the entire spectrum of initiatives.


A contribution to a topic that is being discussed.

post XML

Intermediate document format used by the forms-based publishing application. The data a user submits in an HTML form is first converted into a Post XML document. The Post XML is then transformed into a Data XML for persistent storage of the document content.

post XSL

XSL stylesheet for transforming a Post XML into a Data XML.

predefined example portal

An example portal with predefined business content. The predefined example portals focus on groups of users such as managers, and can be adapted to the specific application.

presentation component

A Database Unifier component representing a query based on one or more information objects that is used for Drag and Relate navigation.

primary folder

Folder in which a document is located (as opposed to folders in which a document merely appears as a link). Each document has just one primary folder.


Object in user management. SAP User Management Engine supports the following principals:

  • User
  • User account
  • Group
  • Role


An indicator of the relative importance of a project. The priority of a project is determined by the project manager and is intended to be a subjective estimate of the urgency of a project compared to all other projects in a project portfolio.


A process within or outside an SAP system with a defined start and end time.

Process chains

  1. Sequence of processes that are scheduled in the background to wait for a particular event. Some of these processes trigger an additional event, which in turn can start other processes.
  2. A graphical representation of a business process in the R/3 Reference Model. The interdependence of R/3 System functions in time and logic is described in process chains with reference to events (an event in the SAP System is a status that has business relevance).

process instance

A process instance contains the most important information that the process or subsequent processes want to communicate. For example, with the loading process, the name of the request. The instance is determined by the process itself for the run time. The process log is stored under the process instance.

Process integration content

All content of the Integration Repository. The content of the Integration Repository can be versioned and shipped. This applies to objects that have been created directly in the Integration Repository by developers using the Integration Builder, and to objects that have been imported to the Integration Repository using a corresponding import function.

Process model

A process model is a structured collection of practices that describe the characteristics of effective processes; the practices included are those proven by experience to be effective.

process type

Type of process, for example, loading process. The process type decides, amongst other things, which tasks the process has to perform and which properties it has in the maintenance.

process variant

Name of the process. A process can have different variants. For example, in the loading process, the name of the InfoPackage represents the process variants. The user defines a process variant for the scheduling time.

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

PLM is the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from its conception, through design and manufacture, to service and disposal.


A profile contains user data such as e-mail address, language, and password. It can be changed by an administrator or the user.

Programming in the large

With programming in the large, coding managers place emphasis on partitioning work into modules with precisely specified interactions. This requires careful planning and careful documentation.

Programming in the small

Programming in the small deals with short-lived programmatic behavior, often executed as a single ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability) transaction and which allows access to local logic and resources such as files and databases.


A Drag and Relate-enabled application created on the Unification Server, containing the tools and data components required to collect and present information from defined sources. The project data source may be a database or enterprise application.

project category

An area of project activity such as a business area, division, or line of business. Examples of project categories in pharmaceutical R and D are oncology, dermatology, and cardiology.

project dashboard

A management tool that displays an overview of project performance against key performance indicators such as budget status, staffing status, risk status, schedule status, and priority.

project executive

A role in SAP xRPM. Project executives can create project proposals, approve projects, and access portfolio management capabilities.

Project Generator

In the Unification Server, the Project Generator is the tool by which projects are generated. The Application Generator is the development environment utility that guides this process using a wizard into which the required project, user, and database information is entered.

project ID

Unique identifier for a project. When you create a project in the form of a project proposal, the project ID must be unique. The system checks this and rejects project IDs that have already been used.

project manager

A role in SAP xRPM. Project managers can upload project tasks from base systems, define required roles for projects, and assign individuals to tasks.

project member

A role in SAP xRPM. Project members can manage their employee profile, apply for open project roles, report percentage complete on tasks, and report hours worked on projects.

project name

A name given to a project. When you create a project in the form of a project proposal, the project name can be any name within the restricted number of characters.

project phase

A stage of a project. You can specify project phases to suit your requirements. Examples of project phases for a pharmaceutical R and D organization are Discovery, Pre-Clinical I, Pre-Clinical II, and Clinical Trial.

project portfolio

The entire spectrum of projects across an organization, classified by project category.

project staffing

The process of defining project resource requirements. Project staffing includes defining roles, requesting candidates, searching for candidates, and assigning candidates to roles.

project subcategory

A sub-unit of a project category.Forexample, in pharmaceutical R and D:

  • Project category = oncology
  • Project sub-category = chemotherapy

project template ID

Unique identifier for a project template. When you create a project template, the project template ID must be unique. The system checks this and rejects any project template IDs that have already been used.

project template name

A name given to a project template. When you create a project template, the project template name can be any name within the restricted number of characters.

project type

A category by which projects are grouped. You can define your own project type values. You can also flag projects as test projects. That way, they have no effect on capacity and no impact on the data in the system.


Characteristic of a portal object.

property configuration service

Repository service that allows for defining the names and possible values of custom properties of resources that users can maintain in addition to the resources' standard properties.

Property Editor

A generic content administration tool for simple objects, the Property Editor is used by every other editor in the Portal Content Studio framework for viewing and editing generic Portal Content Directory (PCD) object properties.

The Property Editor is implemented above an interface provided by the different semantic layers. It queries the semantic layers for the properties of the object currently in focus. The various properties displayed depend upon user permissions.

property extractor

Set of property definitions that can be used for generating properties of HTML documents by extracting the property values from the document content. A property extractor can be associated with a Web repository. It then generates the defined properties for the HTML documents of that repository.

property filter

Repository filter that manipulates resource properties or controls their visibility.

property XML

Intermediate document format used by the forms-based publishing application for processing document properties that are stored separately from the document content.


See Portal Runtime Architecture.


See Personal Security Environment.

public-key certificate

A digital document that acts as a user's digital identification card. Public-key certificates contain the public part of a user's public-key information and are used for authentication purposes and for verifying digital signatures. The public-key certificate (also known as an X.509 client certificate) is based on the X.509 format, which is an Internet standard developed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).


To release information for users. After it has been published, information is available to users of the Enterprise Portal. Publishing can be time-dependent, form-based, and linked to an approval process.

publishing pipeline service

Component for transforming the content, format and layout of documents in the authoring and publishing process. Typically, it is used for converting XML data into some output format (for example, PDF, HTML) and vice versa.


Action of requesting a resource from a Web site, which is then delivered by a Web server. The user thus pulls a resource that he or she requires.


Push is the delivery of information on the Web that is initiated by the information server rather than by the information user or client, as it usually is. An example of "pushed" information is e-mail. Although the e-mail client in your computer has to occasionally go to your local e-mail server to "pick up" the e-mail, the e-mail arrived because someone sent (pushed) it to you without a one-for-one request having been made.


Element of the graphical user interface. Pushbuttons enable you to execute the assigned function by clicking the left mouse button once. You can also use the keys on your keyboard to execute functions linked to pushbuttons.