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R/3

SAP R/3 is a client-server based application, utilizing a three-tiered model. A presentation, or client, interfaces with the user. The application layer houses all the business-specific logic, and the database layer records and stores all the information about the system, including transactional and configuration data.

radio button

Graphical control element that allows the user to choose just one element from a list of elements. Radio buttons are arranged together in radio button groups. If you want the user to be able to choose several fields at the same time, use checkboxes.

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

RFID is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. An RFID tag is an object that can be attached to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification using radio waves.

rating

A reader's assessment of a document on one or multiple rating scales. The average rating is visible to all readers.

rating scale

A means for the formalized assessment of how well an object (a document) satisfies a specified criterion. Rating scales can be nominal scales (yes/no) or ordinal scales (1/2/3, good/fair/poor).

Recent Notifications

Name of the iView that gives access to the notifications collected in the Knowledge Management inbox.

reject

Action associated with workflow that prohibits the pending status change of an opportunity.

related links area

Displays a flat list of links that are relevant to the displayed content. The links are predefined on the iView and the page levels (Portal Content Studio). Clicking an object in the Related Links iView will open its content in a new browser window which can be customized.

Related Links Editor

Enables the definition of related links for pages and iViews. This editor is accessed in the Portal Content Studio from the respective individual object editor.

related navigation object

A context-sensitive iView or page displayed at runtime in the dynamic navigation area (by default in the portal navigation panel) only when a particular page or iView to which it has been assigned is viewed by a user in the portal content area. The related navigation object is an extension of the content displayed in the content area; it is generally used to navigate the content/data currently being viewed.

At design-time, related navigation iViews and pages are assigned to source objects (pages and iViews) in the Dynamic Navigation Editor.

Relationships Editor

The Unification Server tool for creating and modifying the relationships between objects in a project repository.

relevance

Specifies how well a document matches a search query or how well a documents fits into a category.

Remote Function Call (RFC)

A remote function call is a procedure for data interchange between a client and a server. Typically, the client calls a server program and the server returns the results via a TCP/IP connection.

remote project

A Database Unifier project developed on a machine other than the one where it was originally generated and developed.

render

To generate and display HTML on the screen. This involves determining the items to be displayed, setting their layout, and displaying them.

rendered .NET Custom iView

.NET Custom iView that is displayed in the look and feel of the chosen portal template. The SAP AG proprietary XML format enables this feature.

REP

See Running an Enterprise Portal.

replication

Distribution of user management data from SAP User Management Engine (UME) to SAP R/3 Systems. The administrator has to configure in UME to which SAP Systems user data is replicated. Using XML documents, user data is replicated automatically when it is created, changed or deleted.

repository

Storage system or location where data accessed through CM functions is stored. The CM Repository Framework supports different types of repositories (for example, file system repositories, WebDAV repositories). Depending on the type of repository, not all CM functions may be applicable.

repository

A database created for a Database Unifier project for the Unification Server that holds all project metadata, representing the structure and logic of the project data source. The unifier repository also contains all the necessary functional details about the unifier project, including server, security, and iPanel information.

repository database

Repository used by the .NET part of the Enterprise Portal (iViewServer and Page Builder). It stores iView data, user personalization information, page structures, iPanel definitions, data source definitions, and other persistent portal data.

repository filter

CM component, associated with a repository, that performs transformations of content or metadata. There are three types of repository filters: Content filters, namespace filters, and property filters.

repository framework

The core Java classes and interfaces of the Knowledge Management (KM) platform. They enable uniform access to any kind of content that is stored in heterogeneous repositories. The framework includes services for handling content and provides the basis for running KM applications.

repository manager

CM function that manages access of portal applications to the contents of a repository. A repository manager comprises a number of sub-managers that deal with different aspects of content access: namespace manager, property manager, content manager, version manager, lock manager, and security manager.

repository prefix

Prefix of a URI that indicates the repository where the resource is located.

repository service

Service assigned to a repository. Examples of repository services are Subscriptions and Indexing.

Requirements Verification Tool

A utility which may be run optionally before installing the portal to make sure that all the prerequisite files are in place.

resource

A resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and is an object created and managed by the CM Repository Framework that represents a document or document-like object in a repository. Any document or folder in repositories connected to the Content Management (for example, a file in a file system repository) figures in the Content Management as a resource. It is resource objects through which CM applications access content.

resource context

Set of context parameters passed to the Repository Framework whenever resources are accessed. These include parameters such as user id, locale, and so on.

resource factory

Component that generates instances of resources as required for accessing particular repositories.

resource manager

A role in SAP xRPM. Resource managers can search for available candidates and assign candidates to project roles. They can also access capacity management reports.

resource renderer

A Java class that displays a resource on the screen. It assembles the different elements that are required to display the resource and arranges their layout according to predefined parameters. Elements that can be used to display a resource are, for example, icons and texts.

Retrieval and Classification

Knowledge Management (KM) functions and services for information retrieval and document classification.

reusable structure

Reusable structures are part of a query that is saved so that it can be used again in an InfoCube. It lets you use parts of a query definition again in other queries. These structures are freely definable reports consisting of combinations of characteristics and basic key figures (for example, calculated or restricted key figures from the InfoCube).

review

Function that enables users to comment on a document (or folder) and to rate its quality, or usefulness. Both the comments and the average rating are visible to other users.

RFC

See Remote Function Call.

RFID

See Radio Frequency Identification.

Rich Internet Applications (RIAs)

RIAs combine the responsiveness of desktop software with the broad reach of Web applications to deliver a more effective end user experience.

risk

The average of (probability of technical success + probability of commercial success).

risk status

An indicator of the current risk level for a project. The risk status is determined by comparing the risk to predefined thresholds. For example, the thresholds are:

  • Red = risk is >50%
  • Yellow = risk is 30-49%
  • Green = risk is <30%

The current risk level is 37%

In this case, the risk status indicator shows yellow.

role

A collection of tasks, services, and information that is available for groups of users. The role determines which service can be accessed. In addition, it provides the visualization of content and the navigation structure.

Role-based modeling

Role-based modeling includes the ability to model executable processes on multiple abstraction levels, from a business level to an execution level.

role component

Role components are generic, reusable structures or components that are created and maintained in the Role Editor. You can insert role components into one or more roles and create worksets using role components.

Role Editor

A tool for the role administrator that supports the development and maintenance of roles kept in the Portal Content Directory (PCD).

role toolbar

A toolbar in the Database Unifier iPanel, dedicated to a user with a specific role within a group. Users sharing this role also share the toolbar. A role may encompass a specific, team-shared task within a group or it may encompass an intergroup task.

role template ID

Unique identifier for a role template. When the user creates a role template, the role template ID must be unique. The system checks this and rejects any role template IDs that have already been used.

role template name

A name given to a role template. When you create a role template, the role template name can be any name within the restricted number of characters.

Ruby

Ruby is a reflective, object-oriented programming language. It combines syntax inspired by Perl with Smalltalk-like object-oriented features, and also shares some features with Python, Lisp, Dylan and CLU. Its main implementation is free software distributed under an open-source license.

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a full-stack framework for developing database-backed Web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern.

Running an Enterprise Portal (REP)

REP provides all members of a company's value chain — employees, customers, partners, and suppliers — with uniform, role-based, and secure access to their day-to-day work and information resources through a Web-based portal interface. These resources include SAP applications, third-party applications, databases, data warehouses, desktop documents, Web content, and services.

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