The purpose of this page is to provide useful info on Location within the SAP Master Data context and on how to manage/maintain same.
- S/4Hana - Locations
A location is a place or organizational unit at which quantities of products or resources are managed.
Location is the other essential master data element in APO planning. As well as product it is also used by all the advanced processes like location-product (or product-location), model, planning version, transportation lanes.
Every location has address data too: Address data is not stored together with APO location in the APO database layer (ADRC table) but in the SAP Basis layer. APO locations use up address data from there. Geo-coordinates are stored at /SAPAPO/LOC table on the other hand. (For Business Partners the geocoding data is stored at GEOOBJR and GEOLOC tables and Addresses at ADRC and BUT020 tables.)
If the Location is not created directly in APO but transferred via CIF from R/3 then the ERP-Vendor, ERP-Customer, ERP-Plant… will be converted to an APO-Location (with a specific Loc. Type).
Transaction for Location master data maintanance: /N/SAPAPO/LOC3
There are the following standard location types:
1001 Production Plant
1002 Distribution Center
1003 Shipping Point
1005 Transportation Zone
1006 Stock Transfer Point
1007 Storage Location MRP Area
1020 Transportation Service Provider
1031 Geographical Area
The location types are defined in domain: /SAPAPO/C_LOCTYPE for transaction /N/SAPAPO/LOC3. This means that only the values defined in the domain are accepted as an entry. Related SAP KBA provides more information for /N/SCMTMS/LOC3: 2414426 - Location types in /N/SCMTMS/LOC3
S/4 Hana Locations
- The program /SAPAPO/CREATE_LOCATION can be used in S/4 Hana to create locations, please refer to the SAP Note: 2496856 - Restrictions and Implementation Recommendations for Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling for SAP S/4HANA 1709. CIF is not de-activated in S/4 Hana in contrary to products.
- In S/4Hana 1709 location type Customer and Vendor 1010 and 1011 are replaced by 1021 - Business Partner
2496856 - Restrictions and Implementation Recommendations for Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling for SAP S/4HANA 1709
Maintain Locations in APO:
There are various ways to create/maintain locations in the APO system:
You can use the APO trasaction: /N/SAPAPO/LOC3. Please see the following: TEST CASE
- You can transfer location via the Cross Interface Function (CIF) from ECC (ERP) system. It is related to Business Partner and Location CIF transfer.
- You can use MASSD transaction for batch editing (creation not possible) of locations
BAPIs for Location maintenance and read:
BAPI_LOCSRVAPS_DELMULTI2 Deletion of Locations
BAPI_LOCSRVAPS_GETLIST2 Read Locations
BAPI_LOCSRVAPS_REQUESTLIST2 Query: Read Locations
BAPI_LOCSRVAPS_SAVEMULTI2 Create or Change Location Data
Location Field Mapping table between ERP and SCM:
Plant / Vendor / Customer
Location in APO is differentiated by location type 1001-plant, 1002-DC, 1007-MRP Area, 1010-Customer, 1011-Vendor
Field in APO/SCM
Field in ERP
The region codes per country need to be defined in APO
Other Address fields
Other Address Fields
Time Zone & Precision
Location Master database tables:
- LOCID: Location ID (Primary key, cannot be changed)
- LOCNO: Location Number
- LVORM: Deletion Flag
- XPOS, YPOS (Loc. Coordinates)
/SAPAPO/LOCMAP: Location mapping between ERP and APO.
This table is used for displaying the mapping between different locations (vendor, customer) raised in ECC (R/3) and sent through CIF then landed as Location inside the SCM-APO system. These locations can still be found in the /SAPAPO/LOC table.
- EXT_LOCNO: Location Number in ECC system
- LOCID: Location ID in APO
- LOCNO: Location Number in APO
- LOGSYS: Name and Client of the system where the Location is originated (ECC sys).
/SAPAPO/MODELLOC: Locations assigned to a Model
In /SAPAPO/LOC and /SAPAPO/LOCMAP there must always be the same number of entries. Inconsistencies between /SAPAPO/LOC and /SAPAPO/LOCMAP occur possibly because of customer created code or non-standard usage of the system. They can be removed with report /SAPAPO/CHECK_LOC.
SAP Note 859650 includes a report to clean inconsistent //LOCMAP entries, that do not have a pair in //LOC table.
/SAPAPO/LOCVER: Version Dependent Location data is stored
You can check the change log of the locations please visit: Change Document SCM APO Master Data
Location and SCU (Supply Chain Unit):
SCU transaction: /N/SCMB/SCUMAIN
When a location is created in SAP SCM either manually or by transfer via the core interface (CIF), the system automatically creates an SCU with identical general and address data and the business character planning location.
Conversely, if you create an SCU with the business character planning location, the system automatically creates a location with identical general and address data.
Dependency with Location: If the the Supply Chain unit has a Business Attribute: Planning Location, then the SCU is dependent with its location pair (/N/SAPAPO/LOC3). The SCU cannot be deleted if the Location still exists. However if the location master is deleted, the paired SCU will be deleted as well (regardless of deletion flag is set or not). Standalone SCUs can be deleted by the deletion flag is set on the corresponding SCU (via Transaction /SCMB/SCUMAIN > General Tab > Deletion Flag). After setting the flag the deletion background report can be scheduled from the main screen of /n/scmb/scumain transaction. Note1: Executing the report will delete all standalone SCUs which are marked for deletion.
/SCMB/TOENTITYMP > mapping with EXT_ENTITY (like LOCMAP)
Useful Reports and User Exits
Report /SAPAPO/CHANGE_LOCTYPE for changing location type. However, this report comes with a caveat (see note 912025)
- the report proceeds with direct database action
- the report does not check if any dependency is attached to the location (that normally the Where used framework does, you can check transaction WUF)
- the report does not check if there is any concern of any planning application that the loctype is changed
- there is no performance optimization in the report. (in case of larger selections can be a problem)
- there is no block size management included in the report (in case of larger selections can be a problem)
- this report was made to handle an erroneous scenario probably, and not for regular production usage
It is only permissible to use the /SAPAPO/CHANGE_LOCTYPE to change the location type after adequate TESTING in the TEST SYSTEM and where
the following Prerequisites hold true:
- The customer does not use MRP
- If orders in the location exist the new or the old location type must not be (1010) (customer)!!
- it is not possible to delete the location in APO
Populating additional fields in Location
You can review the additional fields at transaction. /N/SAPAPO/LOC3 > Additional tab. ATTLO01-ATTLO05 (They are in table /SAPAPO/LOC)
To the same tab you can create more fields, if required using the Easy Enhancement Workbench tool.
Please check Badi SMOD_APOCF001 (Interface IF_EX_SMOD_APOCF001)
method EXIT_/SAPAPO/SAPLCIF_LOC_001. This BADI is called in SCM Inbound function module /SAPAPO/CIF_LOC_INBOUND. Useful parameters here include the T_LOCCUS parameter and the Include structure CI_LOCCUS.
Deleting a location
More about the use of WUF: WUF - Where Used Framework
Related SAP Notes/KBAs
1945654 - Performance problem during deletion of locations - for /sapapo/delete_locations
912025 - Report for changing the location type - /SAPAPO/CHANGE_LOCTYPE
2085023 - Inconsistency in /SAPAPO/LOCMAP
2041937 - Supply Chain Unit with name &1 already exists
1941160 - Error - Language key not defined during CIF
1823356 - Business Partner roles CRM004 or CRM002 missing
1729139 - BP Master Data distribution to SCM/EWM
1640403 - MASSD Location Authorization Check
1294305 - Form of address key &1 is not defined
USMM measurement for APO Locations: General Nuggets in SCM APO Master Data
Key Master Data field mapping between APO and ERP (For Location!)