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Administration of ALE Functions

Purpose

Application Link Enabling provides a range of administration tools:

? Monitoring of IDoc processing and tRFC communication

? Transport of Customizing data from maintenance systems to receiving systems

? Optimization of ALE performance

? Serialization of messages

 

Status Monitor for ALE Messages (BD87)

Use

With the status monitor you can monitor the processing status of IDocs in ALE inbound and outbound processing and you can process IDocs manually.

Features

Choose Tools ¨ ALE¨ Administration¨ Monitoring ¨ Status Monitor for ALE Messages. (BD87)

Use the selection options to restrict and display the IDoc selection.

The IDocs are arranged by status in the hierarchy. You can rearrange them by message type/object type or by partner system. You can display a selection of IDocs, process IDocs directly or first restrict their number and then process them.

From the hierarchy display you can select an IDoc in the list and from here branch to the IDoc individual display.

Restricting IDoc Selection

In the selection screen you can use the following options for selecting IDocs:

? IDoc number

? Date created *

? Time created

? Date changed *

? Time changed

? IDoc status

? Partner system

? Message type

? Business object type and object key (selection takes longer than with message type)

* The arrow keys are used to scroll week by week.

You can call up context-specific menus that you can call up by clicking on the right mouse button.

IDocs in inbound and outbound processing are displayed in a hierarchy grouped by their status.

Status (Text with or without status numbers, number of IDocs) *Message type (*Object method: via Settings ¨ Display business object*) Message text*

To display a legend of the symbols used in the hierarchy choose Goto ¨ Display legend.

You can also restrict the number of IDocs to display from the hierarchy screen by choosing Select IDocs.

Note that it takes a long time to expand the sub-tree IDoc entries in tRFC queue. You should therefore expand this node, only if you really need to.

Changing the Hierarchy Display

From the menu Settings and partly by using the symbols you can change the hierarchy as follows:

? Message type/object type highlighted

? IDoc status highlighted

 

? Display partner systems (highlighted message type or IDoc status)

You can put status information into groups and hide/show status numbers (in Settings menu).

Displaying the IDoc List

Choose Display IDocs to display a list of the associated IDocs for each main entry or sub-entry that contains the following information:

? IDoc number

? Status

? Message type

? Object type (only for business objects)

? Object type (only for business objects)

? Status text

? Partner number of receiving system

? Date created

? Time created

? IDoc basis type

? Number of segments

Displaying individual IDocs

You can display the IDocs belonging to the IDoc numbers individually. Select an IDoc and choose Display IDocs or double click on the IDoc. The IDoc display contains the control record, data records and status records.

Displaying links to objects

To display links select an IDoc number and choose Display links.

A list of objects linked directly to the IDoc appears.

Displaying status long text

In the IDoc selection you can display the associated status long text of an IDoc number by selecting the button of the same name.

Displaying object keys

For each IDoc number in the IDoc selection you can also display the columns Object type and Object key by choosing the button Object key.

Determining Status in Receiving System

You can determine the status of the IDocs in the receiving system (inbound processing) using ALE Audit and IDoc Tracing [Seite 75]:

? Asynchronous Status Confirmation

Provided that you Monitor the Status of Inbound IDocs Using ALE Audit [Seite 76] and confirmations are returned from the receiving system periodically, confirmations are displayed in the status monitor hierarchy. Such IDocs have status 39, 40 or 41. The confirmations contains status information from the receiving system. In the appropriate IDoc selection for each IDoc you can find the partner number and the status of the assigned IDoc in the receiving system (50, 51...).

Alternatively you can display an aggregated overview of all periodic confirmations. To do this you have to Evaluate the Audit Database [Seite 78] in the sending system (outbound processing). Choose Goto ¨ ALE Audit ¨ Evaluate Audit Statistics

 

? Synchronous status determination

For inbound IDocs (in the receiving system) and for outbound IDocs with status 3 and 12 you can synchronously call up the status of the IDoc in the partner system. Choose Trace IDocs in the status monitor hierarchy. For more information see System-Wide IDoc Tracing [Seite 80].

You can print the hierarchy of the status monitor (IDoc selection ¨ Print).

Processing IDocs

If incomplete IDocs or IDocs with errors exist, you can determine the cause and correct the problem using the status long text (click right mouse button or choose IDoc selection).

You can then process the IDocs, or first restrict the number of IDocs and then process them.

A list of processed IDocs with their previous and current status appears.

In inbound processing you can post non-posted IDocs (status 51) afterwards (see Error Handling [Seite 22])

? You can not process communication errors.

 

 

 

Tracing IDocs System-Wide

Use

In the status monitor you can trace IDocs system-wide to determine the processing status in the receiving system of IDocs with status 3 and 12.

Activities

In addition to the status overview you can also display links between IDocs and objects and between individual IDocs.

Displaying Status Overview

Select a status text or a message type / object method and select Trace IDocs.

A status overview of IDoc pairs in the sending and receiving systems appears.

The IDoc selection contains the following columns:

? IDoc number

? Status in sending system

? IDoc number in receiving system

? Status in receiving system

? Message type

? Status text from receiving system

? Partner number of receiving system

? Date created

? Time created

? IDoc basis type

? Number of segments

Displaying Links to Objects

To display links select an IDoc number and choose Display links.

A list of objects linked directly to the IDoc appears.

Displaying IDocs

You can display the IDocs individually in the sending and receiving systems . Select an IDoc and choose Display IDocs or double click on the IDoc.The IDoc display contains the control record, data records and status records. For more information choose Help ¨ Application help.

Checking Processing Status

The system provides functions for monitoring communication. These functions enable you to confirm whether ALE messages have been processed and transferred correctly or whether errors occurred. If an error did occur, the type of error is indicated.

You can monitor the processing status in both the sending system and the receiving system. Choose Tools® ALE ® Administration ®Monitoring ® Status monitor for ALE messages.

Execute the function, and select the IDocs of the logical message type MATMAS which you created today.

A list of inbound and outbound IDocs grouped by status is displayed:

Outbound IDocs:


Status


Description of Status


03, 12, 38


IDoc successfully transferred


02, 04, 05, 25
26, 29


Processing error


30


Waiting status (still processing...)


>=50


Inbound IDoc (not relevant in this context)


Other


Not relevant in this context

Inbound IDocs:


Status


Description of Status


53


IDoc successfully updated by application


64


Waiting status (still processing...)


<50


Outbound IDoc (not relevant in this context)


51, 56, 60, 61,
63, 65


Inbound error


Other


Not relevant in this context

To display a list of IDocs with a particular status, double-click on a line. For detailed information on one of these IDocs, double-click on it. If an error occurs, you can display information about the cause of it by choosing Process ® Incorrect segments.

Error Handling

If an error has occurred, use the monitoring function to resolve it. The cause of the error is likely to be a value in your material that the receiving system does not know and therefore cannot process it. Try to eliminate the cause of the error and send your material again.

If your IDoc in the sending system was successfully transferred (status 03) but does not appear in the receiving system, a technical communication error is the likely cause. You can use the status monitor in the sending system to check this. Choose Goto ® Transactional RFC ® Display calls.